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ۼ : 13/11/28
2014 ܱ (B) 28 ؼ
 ۾ : songgok
ȸ : 3,803  
   2014(B)-28.hwp (51.0K)


2014 ܱ (B) 28 ؼ - չ
 
28. ģ κ ƻ ? [3.]
 
When people started to plant stored seed stock deliberately, they also began protecting their plants. This changed the evolutionary pressure that these food plants experienced, as they no longer had to survive in a natural environment. Instead, people created a new environment for them, and selected for other characteristics than nature previously had. Seeds recovered at archaeological sites clearly show that farmers selected for larger seeds and thinner seed coats. Thick seed coats are often essential for seeds to survive in a natural environment because the seeds of many wild plants remain dormant for months until winter is over and rain sets in. But under human management thick seed coats are unnecessary, as farmers evade responsibility for storing seeds away from moisture and predators. In fact, seeds with thinner coats were preferred as they are easier to eat or process into flour, and they allow seedlings to sprout more quickly when sown.
 
1. Ǯ
߻ ¿ʹ ޸ ΰ Ͽ β ʿѵ, װ ε а ڷκ ȣϿ ϴ å Ѱܹޱ ̴. evade(ϴ) Ѱܹ޴١ ǹ̸ take over ٲپ .
 
2. ؼ
[When people started to plant stored seed stock deliberately, they also began protecting their plants. This changed the evolutionary pressure (that) these food plants experienced, as they no longer had to survive in a natural environment.]     stored seed stock: (store:ϴ.) deliberately:Ϻη, ǵ(=on purpose, by intention, intentionally)  the evolutionary pressure:ȭ й(evolution:ȭ, evolve:ȭϴ, evolutionary:ȭ, ȭ) the evolutionary pressure (that) these food plants experienced:̷ ĿĹ ȭ й(that: , food plant:ĿĹ)  as they no longer had to survive in a natural environment:׵ ̻ ڿȯ ӿ ƾ ʿ伺   no longer: ̻ ~ ʴ.(not any ~longer)  no longer had to~:~ ʿ伺 .(didn't have to, needed not)  natural environment:ڿȯ        ڸ ǵ ɱ ׵ ڽŵ Ĺ ȣϱ ߴ. ̰ ̵ ĿĹ ̻ ڿȯ ӿ ƾ ʿ伺 鼭 װ͵ ȭ й ȭ״.
 
[Instead, people created a new environment for them, and selected for other characteristics than nature previously had (selected).] them=food plant characteristic:Ư¡, Ư  than nature previously had (selected):ڿ ߴ . selected for:~ ϴ.      ſ, װ͵ ο ȯ â߰, ڿ Ͱ ٸ Ư¡ ߴ.
 
[Seeds (which were) recovered at archaeological sites clearly show that farmers selected for larger seeds and thinner seed coats.]      Seeds (which were) recovered at archaeological sites: 忡 ߱ ѵ(־) recover:߰ϴ. ãƳ, ȸϴ. at archaeological sites: 忡(archaeological [ɑ̀rkiəlɑ́dʒikəl]:)  larger seeds and thinner seed coats: ū Ѱ      忡 ߱ ѵ ε ū Ѱ ߴٴ ش.
 
[Thick seed coats are often essential for seeds to survive in a natural environment because the seeds of many wild plants remain dormant for months until winter is over and rain sets in.]    Thick seed coats:β ()   to survive in a natural environment:ڿȯ濡 ϱ  the seeds of many wild plants: ߻ Ĺ remain dormant:޸· ִ.(dormant:ڴ, , dormancy:޸, ẹ)   until winter is over and rain sets in:ܿ (set in:۵Ǵ)     β ڿȯ濡 ϴ ʼε (װ) ߻ Ĺ ܿ ޸ · ־ ϱ ̴.
 
[But under human management thick seed coats are unnecessary, as farmers evade responsibility for storing seeds away from moisture and predators.]    under human management:ΰ Ͽ  thick seed coats:β evade:ϴ. . evade(ϴ)ٴ take over(Ѱܹ޴) ؾ   responsibility for storing seeds: ϴ å  away from moisture and predators:а ڷκ moisture:, , predator:Ż,       ΰ Ͽ β ʿѵ, (װ) ε а ڷκ ȣϿ ϴ å ϱ(Ѱܹޱ) ̴.
 
[In fact, seeds with thinner coats were preferred as they are easier to eat or process into flour, and they allow seedlings to sprout more quickly when (they are) sown.]    seeds with thinner coats:   were preferred:ȣǴ. as they are easier to eat or process into flour:԰ų ϱ⿡ as:~   eat process İ seedlings: sprout:߾ϴ, Ʈ. when (they are) sown:װ͵() Ǿ(sow:ϴ, Ѹ. sow - sowed - sown)     , װ ԰ų ϱⰡ ϰ Ǿ ߾ϱ ȣǾ.
 
3. ܾ
*seed stock: *deliberately:ǵ, Ϻη(=on purpose, by intention, intentional. cf)by chance, by accident, accidentally: 쿬) archaeological dormant set in ۵Ǵ seedling , sprout ߾ϴ, ϴ
 
4. ؼ
ڸ ǵ ɱ ׵ ڽŵ Ĺ ȣϱ ߴ. ̰ ̵ ĿĹ ̻ ڿȯ ӿ ƾ ʿ伺 鼭 װ͵ ȭ й ȭ״. ſ, װ͵ ο ȯ â߰, ڿ Ͱ ٸ Ư¡ ߴ. 忡 ߱ ѵ ε ū Ѱ ߴٴ ش. β ڿȯ濡 ϴ ʼε (װ) ߻ Ĺ ܿ ޸ · ־ ϱ ̴. ΰ Ͽ β ʿѵ, (װ) ε а ڷκ ȣϿ ϴ å ϱ(Ѱܹޱ) ̴. , װ ԰ų ϱⰡ ϰ Ǿ ߾ϱ ȣǾ.
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