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ۼ : 13/12/06
2014 ܱ (B) 38 ؼ
 ۾ : songgok
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   2014(B)-38.hwp (64.5K)


2014 ܱ (B) 38 ؼ - չ
 
38. ־ ̾ ?
 
[We tend to perceive the door of a classroom as rectangular no matter from which angle it is viewed. Actually, the rectangular door of a classroom projects a rectangular image on our retina only when it is viewed directly from the front.]
 
(A) Slowly the trapezoid becomes thinner and thinner, and all that is projected on the retina is a vertical line, which is the thickness of the door. These changes we can observe and distinguish, but we do not accept them.
 
(B) Similarly, a round coin is seen as round even when viewed from an angle at which, objectively, it should appear elliptical. In the same way, we see car wheels as round, even though the retinal image is oval when viewed from an angle other than directly from the front.
 
(C) At other angles, the image will be seen as a trapezoid. The edge of the door towards us looks wider than the edge hinged with the frame. * trapezoid: ٸ** elliptical: Ÿ
 
(A)(C)(B)  (B)(A)(C)  (B)(C)(A)  (C)(A)(B)  (C)(B)(A)
 
1. Ǯ
־ 忡 鿡 簢 ϰ ִ. ̸ ٸ ٸ÷ ̴ (C) ̾ ϰ, ׷ ǹ ð ȭ 鼭 ޾Ƶ ʴ´ٴ (A) , ƶ ȭ (B) ; Ѵ. (C)-(A)-(B) 迭Ǿ .
 
2. ؼ
[We tend to perceive the door of a classroom as rectangular no matter from which angle it is viewed.]    tend to:~ϴ ִ.(have a tendency to) perceive as :͸ η νϴ. rectangular:簢 cf)square:簢, trapezoid[trǽpəzɔ̀id:ٸ elliptical:Ÿ(oval, ellipse:Ÿ) no matter from which angle it is viewed: (no matter~:ƹ ~(=no matter which angle it is viewed from)  it=the door of a classroom     츮  κ 簢 νϴ ִ.
 
[Actually, the rectangular door of a classroom projects a rectangular image on our retina only when it is viewed directly from the front.]  the rectangular door of a classroom: 簢 projects:ϴ, ϴ  on our retina:(retina: )  only when it is viewed directly from the front:տ ȹٷ ءit= the rectangular door of a classroom.     , 簢 տ ȹٷ 츮 簢 ̹ Ѵ.
 
[At other angles, the image will be seen as a trapezoid. The edge of the door towards us looks wider than the edge (which is) hinged with the frame.]     At other angleswill be seen as a trapezoid:ٸ÷ ̴.(trapezoid[trǽpəzɔ̀id:ٸ)  The edge of the door towards us:츮 𼭸 looks wider than:~ а ̴. the edge (which is) hinged with the frame:Ʋ ø 𼭸(hinge:ø ޴, be hinged:ø̴޸. frame:Ʋ,,)   ٸ ̹ ٸ÷ ̴. 츮 𼭸 Ʋ ø 𼭸 а δ.
 
[Slowly the trapezoid becomes thinner and thinner, and all (that is) projected on the retina is a vertical line, which is the thickness of the door.]    becomes thinner and thinner: . (get, grow, become)+񱳱(and 񱳱): ~ϰ Ǵ. all (that is) projected on the retina: Ǵ (What is projected on the retina~) project:ϴ. ϴ. ,which is the thickness of the door: (,which=and it) the thickness of the door: β    ٸ ϸϰ Ǵ ̸, װ β̴.
 
[These changes we can observe and distinguish, but we do not accept them.]  These change observe distinguish ӿ (observe:ϴ. ؼϴ, distinguish:ϴ.) them = these changes.     ȭ 츮 ϰ , 츮 װ ޾Ƶ ʴ´.
 
[Similarly, a round coin is seen as round even when (it is) viewed from an angle at which, objectively, it should appear elliptical.]   a round coin is seen as round:ձ ձ۰ δ. even when (it is) viewed from~:~ (view:, be viewed:̴.)  appear elliptical:Ÿ ̴. appear(seem)+:~ó ̴. elliptical:Ÿ(oval, ellipse) objectively:(subjectively:ְ)  , ձ Ÿ ձ δ.
 
[In the same way, we see car wheels as round, even though the retinal image is oval when (it is) viewed from an angle other than directly from the front.]   In the same way: , see A as B:A B . even though the retinal image is oval: Ÿ̶   even though: ~(though, although, even if)  be viewedother than (it is viewed) directly from the front) 鿡 ȹٷ other than:~ܿ, ~ ϰ , 츮 ڵ ձ µ, 鿡 ȹٷ κ Ÿ̶ ׷ϴ.
 
3. ܾ
*perceive:νϴ. ϴ. *view:(be viewed:̴.) b*rectangular:簢 cf)square:簢, trapezoid[trǽpəzɔ̀id:ٸ, elliptical[ɪ|lɪptɪkl]:Ÿ(oval, ellipse:Ÿ) *project:ϴ, ϴ *retina: *vertical: *distinguish:ϴ *objectively: *hinge:ø . *objectively:(subjectively:ְ) *other than:~ ϰ, ~ܿ
 
4. ؼ
츮  κ 簢 νϴ ִ. , 簢 տ ȹٷ 츮 簢 ̹ Ѵ. (C) ٸ ̹ ٸ÷ ̴. 츮 𼭸 Ʋ ø 𼭸 а δ. (A) ٸ ϸϰ Ǵ ̸, װ β̴. ȭ 츮 ϰ , 츮 װ ޾Ƶ ʴ´. (B) , ձ Ÿ ձ δ. , 츮 ڵ ձ µ, 鿡 ȹٷ κ Ÿ̶ ׷ϴ.
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